OHS's Fort Ancient museum in Oregonia, Ohio.
The Powder Horn (image)
is in the posession of the Ohio Historical Society
1. Title/Object: Horn, Powder
Maker: Squier, Zophar /
Date of Origin: 1756
Description: 1 item
Details: Materials : Horn, wood
Color : Brown
Pattern : Arms/name/date
Decoration : Incising
Dimensions : 9 x 33 cm
History Subjects: Tools & equipment for science & technology
Location: OHS Sites
Shelving: Fort Ancient Historical Artifacts
Call#: H 22148
Capt Zopher SQUIER of Essex County, NJ
Compiled by William G. Johnson, Cape Coral, Fl , 2005
There is an ancient relic in possession of the Ohio Historical
Society. A powder horn, engraved with the English arms and bearing the
name Z. Squier with the date August 1756. The powder horn belonged to
Zopher Squier who resided in Newark, Essex, NJ.
1. Capt Zopher SQUIER was born on 19 Jul 1731 in Newark,
Essex Co. NJ. He died on 2 Mar 1800 in Springfield, Essex Co, NJ.(Now
Livingston, Essex, NJ). He was buried in Presbyterian Church Cemetery,
Hanover, NJ. Zopher is the son of Jonathan Squier b abt 1693,son of
Crispin Squier one of the Newark Horseneck subscribers & Lydia Camp,
granddaughter of Wiliam Camp one of the founders of Newark. (New Jersey
Colonial Documents, Calendar of Wills---1781-1785, pg. 369; 1785, May
18. Squier, Jonathan, of Newark Township, Essex Co)
Zopher Squier appears on the Newark, Essex, NJ tax lists
from 1779 to 1793, when Springfield was formed as a township. He then
appears on the Springfield, NJ tax list 1795-1796. He served in the
French & Indian war 1755-1756 as a Capt and in 1756 recieved a gun
shot wound to the knee. He is said to have walked with a limp in his
later yrs..( The Irvines and Their Kin, Author: L. Boyd, pg 299-303)
(Henry B. Baldwin Genealogical Records, By Henry B. Baldwin, 1963) It
is reported in the. (New Jersey Biographical and Genealogical Notes
from the Volumes of the New Jersey Archives. Trenton, NJ: New Jersey
Historical Society, 1916,Cook Family) that Ellis Cook of Hanover had
2 sons in the NJ provincial troops during the French & Indian war.
Ellis Cook drafted his will on 11 March 1756, which was witnessed by
Jonathan Squier, father of Zopher. Ellis Cook is said to have accompanied
the NJ provincial troops with his 2 sons to Ft Oswego in 1756 and was
killed in route. His 2 sons returned home safely. A document owned by
the Squier family indicates that Jonathan Squier also transported men
to Albany, where the army was then assembling for it's march on Quebec.
The un-receipted bill, penned in Jonathan Squier's neat hand, reads;
King George, Detter to Jonathan Squier March 1756
To expense at my one (own) house 3-0-0
On the way to the point eating 2-0-0
At Camps 0-3-0
Ferring over my men 1-0-0
Paid on passage to Albany 0-16-0
Both the Hanoverian George II and his over fed grandson who succeeded
him defaulted on this modest bill. It can be safely assumed that Jonathan
Squier along with Ellis Cook was traveling with the NJ provincial troops
and that his son Zopher was among the troops in route to Ft Oswego.
In the Ancient Hanover Presbyterian Church cemetery we find the tombstone
of Zopher's older brother.
SQUIER, Capt. Nathaniel SQUIER, d. 28 Oct 1789, in the 62 year of his
age (Hanover Presbyterian Church Records,Genealogical Mag of NJ Vol
6,pg 102) Also in, (NJ Calendar of Wills 1806-1809), we find the other
older brother of Zopher Squier.
Capt John Squier dated Feb 11,1808 "of Springfield ,Essex Co, NJ
Inventory $446.04:made by William Reynolds and Calvin Ely, sworn to
by Nathaniel Squire and Samuel Squire, Adm'ra Feb 13,1806" .
All 3 brothers titled Captain. It appears to me that the 3 oldest sons
of Jonathan Squier of Squier town, NJ (now Livingston, Essex, NJ) were
also among the NJ provincial troops. The title Captain appears to have
significance to those who served in the NJ provincial troops. The powder
horn has an engraving of the "English Arms" along with Zopher
Squier and the date August 1756. . The battle of Oswego took place on
Aug. 14th, 1756. Col. Peter Schuyler recruited a regiment in New Jersey
known as the "Jersey Blues." The home of the Colonel was near
Newark. Col. Schuyler's regiment joined the army for the invasion of
Canada and he was stationed with his regiment at Oswego when that place
was assaulted by the Marquis de Montcalm, who gave the British and colonial
troops a terrible beating, capturing the fortress with 1400 prisoners,
a large quantity of ammunition and provisions and other stores, 134
pieces of artillery and several vessels lying in the harbor. Col. Schuyler
and half his Jersey Blues were captured; the Colonel was afterward exchanged.
It is not clear if Jonathan Squier and Ellis Cook were officers in the
NJ Blues. The NJ State Archives has very little on this period. Family
tradition says Jonathan Squier was a Capt of the Battoe men but no proof
has been found.
Zopher Squier's youngest brother, Elijah was the Captain of Squier's
Company in the NJ militia, 2nd Essex, during the Revolution. We find
all the Squier men mentioned again among the Revolutionary rosters of
Squier's Company on Sept 1777.Newark, NJ. Under then Major Nathaniel
Hayes. Even Jonathan Squier, as an old man came down off the 2nd Orange
mountain to join the fight. (National Archives microfilm M246 roll 64
Revolutionary War Rolls 1775-1783 NJ) The old homestead of Jonathan
Squier built before the revolution (exact date unknown) is still standing
on the east side of Walnut St Livingston, NJ. It was occupied by 9 generations
The following is an excerpt from (Pioneer Record, And Reminiscences,
Of The Early Settlers, And Settlement Of Fayette County, Ohio, by Rufus
Putnam.,1872). The story is told by Nathaniel Squier , son of William
and grandson of Capt Zopher Squier. It tells how the Powder horn went
with Zopher's son William on his migration west.
By N. Squire.
Nathaniel Squire emigrated to Fayette County in 1816, with his father's
family, consisting of four children, Justice, Nancy, Nathaniel, and
Lidy, and settled on the waters of Paint creek. His father, William
Squire, was in the revolution. He was a noted hunter, and was also in
the war of 1812. He purchased a large tract of land on East Paint; he
died in 1824. Captain Zophas Squire, father of William, was in the
French war of 1755. Nathaniel Squire is a large farmer and stock
raiser. His family record is Amanda, Justice, James, William, Jane,
Madison. Justice served in the late war, under Captain Robinson and
Jones. William and James were in the first call; Lizzie, Ann, Maggie,
and Ella at home. Mrs. Squire's maiden name was Allen, and she was
married to Mr. N. Squire September 26th, 1826. There is an ancient
relic in the shape of a powder-horn, made by Captain Z. Squire in 1755,
and handed down from sire to son, and is now the property of N. Squire,
the variety of dates, cuts, letters, and curious engravings yet visible.
Zopher married Anabella WILLIAMS daughter of Nathaniel
WILLIAMS and Widow Sarah (WILLIAMS) on 30 Mar 1752 in Scotch Plains
Baptist Church, Scotch Plains, NJ. Anabella was born about 1733 in Elizabethtown,
Essex. NJ. She m 2nd , 28 Dec 1803 Hanover Presbyterian Church, David
Inscriptions on the Tomb Stones and Monuments in the Grave
Whippany and Hanover, Morris County, N.J.,William Ogden Wheeler, 1894
Hanover, N. J., Grave Yard Inscriptions.
Death Date: 02 Mar 1800
Age: Sixty-Eight Years and Seven Months and Fourteen Days
Comment: Sacred to the Memory of Zopher Squier, he departed this life
the 2d day of
March A. D. 1800 Aged Sixty-Eight Years and Seven Months and Fourteen
Days. Our life
contains a thousand strings and dies if one be gone. Strange that a
harp of thousand
strings should keep in tune so long.
NJ Calendar of Wills 1796-1800
1800, Jan 6 Squier. Zopher, Of Springfield Twp, Essex Co.: Will of.
Wife, Anabel, a bed, one milch cow,one horse and 7 pds. Sons, William,James,Anthony,Nicholas
and Nathaniel, each 2 shares of whole estate. Daughters, Sarah Canfiekl,
Lydia Gardner, Nancy Ward, Mary Ball and Hannah Ward , each one share
of estate. Daughter Lydia Gardner's share to be held in trust and after
her decease to be divided among her children. To wit: Lott and Samuel
Lewis and David and Anabel Gardner, Executors -wife Anabel and friends
John Dorsey and David Belford. Witnesses- Elijah Squier, Joseph T. Hardy,
Thaddeus Russell. Proved April 9,1800
1800. Feb 5. Inventory Taken by Elijah Squier and Joseph T. Hardy but
no total given
They had the following children:
2 F i. Sarah SQUIER was born on 13 Aug 1753 in Newark,
Essex Co.NJ. She died on 22 Sep 1845. She was buried in Presbyterian
Church of Hanover, Morris Co, NJ.
Sarah married Williams CAMPFIELD son of John CAMPFIELD and Ruth WILLIAMS
on 27 Apr 1773 in Hanover Presbyterian Church, Hanover, NJ. Williams
was born on 13 Apr 1752 in Morristown, NJ. He died on 28 Aug 1824 in
Morristown, NJ. He was buried in Presbyterian Church of Hanover, Morris
(Historical Register of Officiers of the Continental Army During the
War of the Revolution, Francia B.
P142. Campfield, William (N. J.). Captain New Jersey Militia, 1776-1777.
3 F ii. Lydia SQUIER was born in Aug 1754 in Newark, Essex
Lydia married (1) Samuel LEWIS son of Edward LEWIS and Sarah MORRIS
on 4 Mar 1776 in Hanover Presbyterian Church, Hanover, NJ. Samuel was
born in 1754 in Basking Ridge, NJ. He was Baptized on 1 Apr 1754 in
Morristown Presbyterian Church.
Lydia married (2) David GARDNER .
4 M iii. William SQUIER was born about 1755 in Newark,
Essex Co. NJ. He died on 16 Apr 1824 in Paint, Fayette Co., Oh.
(Officers and Men in the Revolutionary War,Part I,Official Roster of
State Troops and Militia, William S.
Stryker 1872,Pg 471)
Squier, William Serjeant, Capt Guterman's Co, Second Regiment, Sussex
William Squier, hunter and veteran of the Revolution, took his father's
family west. The last record we find on William Squier in NJ is the
1793 tax list of New Town, Sussex Co. We then find William Squier in
Selbysport, Alleghany Co, Md (now Garrett Co.) where on 22 April 1797
he and his wife Sarah sell property to Jacob Marckley.(Garrett Co, Md
Deeds). We then find William, James and Nathaniel Squier listed among
the tax rateables of Shenango Township, Beaver Co, Pa from 1805-1816.
We then find William Squier in the Census, 1820 Paint, Fayette Co, Oh.
where he died. It is obvious that he treasured his father's powder horn
as it remained with him until his death and was passed onto his son
William married Sarah COLE daughter of John COLE on 22
Jun 1786 in Hanover Presbyterian Church, Hanover, Morris, NJ. Sarah
was born abt 1760. She was Baptized on 22 Jun 1760 in Presbyterian Church
of Morristown, NJ.
5 M iv. James SQUIER was born on 9 Jun 1756 in Newark,
Essex Co. NJ. He died on 21 Jan 1848 in New Castle, Lawrence Co., Pa.
He was buried in Greenwood Cemetery, New Castle, Pa.
(Pension Roll of 1835,Vol II, Pennsylvania, Pg 700)
James Squires allowance 31.66 sum rec 94.98 NJ Militia placed on Roll
March 29,1833 age 78
James married Lydia REYNOLDS in 1786 in Morris County,
NJ. Lydia died in 1810.
6 M v. Anthony SQUIER was born about 1762 in Newark, Essex
Co. NJ. He died after 23 Dec 1794.
(Officers and Men of NJ in Wars, Part II, Pennsylvania Insurrection
in 1794,Pg 45)
Anthony Squier had his own Company of Infantry in Sussex Co. He had
the rank of Capt. He enlisted
Sept 13,1794 and was discharged Dec 23 1794.Anthony Squier's Co.
Anthony married Sarah MILLS daughter of Samuel MILLS Jr
and Sarah on 3 Jan 1787 in Morristown Presbyterian Church. Sarah was
born on 21 Aug 1763 in Morristown, Morris, NJ. The home of Anthony Squier
& Sarah Mills built about 1791 is still standing at Stillwater road
at the crossroads in now Hardwick, Warren, NJ.
7 F vi. Nancy SQUIER was born about 1765 in Newark, Essex
Nancy married WARD .
8 M vii. Nicholas SQUIER was born on 20 Mar 1766 in Newark,
Essex Co, NJ. He died on 5 Nov 1837 in Seneca Falls, Seneca Co, NY.
He was buried in Springbrook
Cemetery. Seneca Falls, Seneca Co, NY.
(Military minutes of the Council of Appointment of the State of New
York, 1783-1821, Compiled & edited
by Hugh Hastings, State Historian, State of New York. Vol I, Albany,
James B. Lyon State Printer 1901)
Pg 1013,Seneca Co. 1808, Nicholas Squier, Ensign vice Parkhurst in Lt
Col. Daniel Sayre's Reg
Pg 1113,Seneca Co.,1810, Nicholas Squier, Lieutenant, vice Jacob Chambelin,
Lt Col. Daniel Sayre's Reg
Pg 1292,Seneca Co., 1812, William Bruce, Lieutenant, vice Nicholas Squier
Nicholas married Sarah WARD daughter of Israel WARD and
Elizabeth BONNEL. Sarah was born on 9 Sep 1767 in Bottle Hill, NJ. She
died on 19 Aug 1833 in Seneca Falls, Seneca Co, NY. She was buried in
Springbrook Cemetery. Seneca Falls, Seneca Co, NY.
9 M viii. Nathaniel SQUIER was born in 1771 in Newark,
Essex Co. NJ. He died in Shenango, Mercer Co, Pa.
Nathaniel married Nancy .
(Revolutionary War Pension Records 1835,vol II, NJ, Pg 37,National Archives)
Nathaniel, NJ Line, R10028, appld 2 Sept 1841 Butler Co. PA but he lived
in Mercer Co., PA, sol was b.
in 1771 in Essex Co, NJ & lived there at enlistment in 1791 &
after his service he lived in Essex Co., NJ
then moved to PA after the REV (the 1791 should have been 1781?) a James
Squire made aff'dt 15 July
1841 in Mercer Co., PA but no Relation given.
10 F ix. Mary SQUIER was born about 1773 in Newark, Essex
Mary married Daniel BALL .
11 F x. Hannah SQUIER was born on 9 May 1779 in Newark,
Essex Co.NJ. She died in Chicago, Il.
Hannah married Aaron Montgomery WARD son of Israel WARD and Elizabeth
BONNEL on 15 Oct 1797 in Madison Presbyterian Church, Madison, NJ. Aaron
was born on 14 Oct 1776 Of Chatham, Morris, New Jersey. He died on 10
The Grandson of Hannah Squier and Aaron Montgomery Ward was the founder
of Montgomery Ward's department stores.
Image of Powderhorn
Pioneer Record, And Reminiscences, Of The Early Settlers,_And
Settlement Of Fayette County,
Ohio, by Rufus Putnam. (1872).
The Irvines and Their Kin, by L. Boyd, Chicago: R. R. Donneley &
Sons Company, 1908.
Colonial NJ TAX Lists. NJ State Archives
Youngstown, Chicago. American Historical Society, 1910 p 57.
NJ Calendar of Wills
Henry B. Baldwin Genealogical Records, By Henry B. Baldwin, 1963.
Inscriptions on the Tomb Stones and Monuments in the Grave Yards at
Hanover, Morris County, N.J.,William Ogden Wheeler, 1894_Hanov.
New Jersey Marriages Colonial Era 1665-1800.
New Jersey Marriage Records, 1665-1800, Marriage Licenses, W-Z, Page
The Williams Family of New Jersey, Lyle Keith Williams, self published,
Ft. Worth, TX, 1994
Papers of Edith Squier Muller- Livingston, NJ Library, Special Collection
The Camfield, Campfield, Canfield History in America (one branch descended
Camfield). compiled by Ruth Joyce Lewis
Hanover Presbyterian Church Records, Genealogical Mag of NJ Vol 6,pg
History of Morris County 1739- HISTORY OF MORRIS COUNTY, NEW JERSEY,
WITH Illustrations and Biographical Sketches, PRESS OF GEORGE MACNAMARA,
STREET, NEW YORK, pg 80.
Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army During the War
of the Revolution, pg
142. Francia B. Heitman,Call Number: 2680
Crawford County Genealogy, Vol 17,No 2 Aug 1994-"Lydia Squier and
her Lewis and Gardner
Hanover Presbyterian Church Records, Records of Rev Jacob Green 1746-1796.
Officers and Men in the Revolutionary War, Part I, Official Roster of
State Troops and Militia,
Pg 471. COMPILED UNDER ORDERS OF HIS EXCELLENCY THEODORE F. RANDOLPH,
GOVERNOR,BY WILLIAM S. STRYKER, PRINTED BY AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATURE
Officers and Men of NJ in Wars, Part II, Pennsylvania Insurrection in
Census 1820 Paint, Fayette Co, Oh William Squier.
History of Beaver Co., Pa and it's Centenial Celebration, Rev. Joseph
H. Bausman A.M,Pg
1793 Tax list New Town, Sussex, NJ.
Shenango Township Tax Lists, 1815,Published: Gleanings, Beaver County
Society, Vol. XVII No. 4, June 1993.
Garrett, Co, Md Deeds, Deed by William & Sarah SQUIRE to Jacob MARCKLEY,
Baptisms of the 1st Presbyterian Church of Morristown cover the time
span of 1743 to 1773.
History of Lawrence County Pennsylvania, 1770 - 1877.
20th century history of New Castle and Lawrence County, Pennsylvania
Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots, Vol.4, p. -Serial: 11912;
The National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Volumes 1-85, 1600s-1900s,
Pension Roll of 1835,Vol II, Pennsylvania, Pg 700, pg 1053.
Revolutionary Pension S22532 James Squier.
Index of Mortgages, Essex Co, NJ Series 1 # 2198.
Officers and Men of NJ in Wars, Part II, Pennsylvania Insurrection in
1793 Hardwick, NJ Tax List Anthony Squier.
The Records of Trustee and Session of the First Presbyterian Church
of Morristown, NJ 1742-
1882,pg 220.with Combined Register of the First Presbyterian Church
Early marriage records of the Mills family in the United States : official
records of Mills marriages i, pg 32. Clemens, William Montgomery, New
York. W. M.
Madison NJ Presbyterian Church Records,1747-1900,. Viola E. Shaw &
Barbara S. Parker
Census 1830 Seneca Falls, Seneca, NY Nicholas Squires.
Military minutes of the Council of Appointment of the State of New York,
1783-1821. Compiled & edited by Hugh Hastings, State Historian,
State of New York. Vol I, Albany, James B. Lyon State Printer 1901
Census 1810 Junius, Seneca, NY pg 186,Nicholas Squire.
Junius, Seneca Co, Ny Jury List 1803.
Springbrook Cemetery Transcriptions, Seneca Falls, Seneca Co, NY. Kathleen
Crystall Fegley compiled Aug 1969, Provided By Ruth Auten former Seneca
Ward and Allied Families, A genealogical study with Biographical notes,
Montgomery Ward, The American Historical Society, Inc, NY 1930
Nicholas and Sarah Squier Family Bible-Squires Newsletter Jan 2002.
Revolutionary War Pension Records 1835,vol II, NJ, Pg 37,National Archives.
Revolutionary War Pension Records, National Archives, Nathaneil Squier,
Genealogy of the Bonnell Family as it pertains to Edgar Marsh Gibby
and His Descendants, Gloucester County Historical Society : 58 N. Broad
Street, Woodbury, NJ Text: p. 6
A history of the First Presbyterian Church, Hanover, 1718-1968 : 250
years of Christian
service, Chapin, Oliver W ,Rev, N.J.. unknown. 1968